If you come from an IT background then you must know building an accessibility app and website is not an easy task to do, but professionals can do it with the right technique so that a website can get more attention and a maximum number of users feel free to use it. A glance at some basic points you should never skip while developing the Web Accessibility website.
Written alternative text known as description should be written for every image, graphics, and logos. So that everyone who uses a screen reader can easily understand visual content on your website.
Forms of your site should be easy to navigate with a keyboard. Time limits need to be that much enough that people with disabilities can fill out the form before time runs out. Make sure these are accessible with features such as labels for any drop-down lists or checkboxes with text.
There should be headers on every page so that lists to make it easier for people to make their way around the site.
Audio files, videos, and other sound sources should be captioned or transcribed for people who are not able to hear them.
When hypertext links are included, the text should be self-explanatory, even if it’s read outside of context. Anyone might skip from link to link without reading anything else on the page. The links should also work with the keyboard.
Word documents, PDF documents, and PowerPoint must be converted into accessible formats.
Don’t use color to communicate information. You should stick to the accepted standard for color contrast so disable people don’t have trouble distinguishing the text on your site.
The effective content writing on your page should be clear and your message should be easy to understand.
Assistive technology made available
To give a customer with a disability a complete digital experience, web accessibility companies should consider offering free assistive technology on their websites. With technology, customers who have physical disabilities, like cerebral palsy, stroke, arthritis, multiple sclerosis, paralysis, and others, can navigate the Web or use their mobile device hands-free.
Web Accessibility’s principles
The accessibility of browsers, websites, apps development, and electronic documents follows multiple basic principles to make sure that they’re usable by individuals with a broad variety of different disabilities. They must be: ·
Word perceivable implies that the details, content, and interface must all be presented in ways that can be perceived or easily “taken in” by the user.
This means that the navigation, interface and other functions must all be usable, or able to operate, by each and every one.
The information, the content and how the interface is operated can all be easily understood by all users.
The content continues to be accessible even as technology becomes more advanced, and when a variety of assistive technologies are used.
Components that need to work together to make a website accessible
- Content: This is the necessary information on a web page or web application. It comprises “natural” but vital information such as images, text, and sounds, as well as code or mark-up that defines the presentation, structure, etc.
- Display Software: Web browsers, media players, and other software people may use to visit and enjoy your website. These are known as user agents.”
- Assistive technology: This includes assistive devices and software programs that assist people with disabilities when using a computer, tablet, or Smartphone. Screen readers, alternative keyboards, switches, and scanning software are some of the best examples of that.
- Disable people can use technology: People with disabilities use a variety of technology which results in varying online experiences.
Other factors that influence the online experience include
- Consumer’s knowledge: Individuals have varying levels of experience and comfort when they go online. Individuals with disabilities may also have developed their adaptive strategies for using the Web.
- App Developers: Web developers are individuals who create content for the web. They can be designers, coders, authors, and more.
- Authoring tools: This is software that helps blind accessibility website developers create websites.